网络技术爱好者的栖息之地,让我们的技术更上一层楼!

2018全年托福考情分析---阅读篇

QQX7网 热门站点
扫码手机访问
1878

作者:李萌 新航道武汉学校北美考试院托福写作、词汇讲师。 国际高级英语教师(持有美国TESOL Advanced教师资格证书) 

2018年托福考试已经过去,2018年考试考了哪些内容?给考生传递了什么样的信息? 我们又应该如何有针对性的准备明年的考试呢?下面主要就2018年托福阅读考试情况进行分析。

今年大陆地区一共进行了46场托福考试,其中1月4场;2月1场;3月5场;42;54;6月4场;74;8月2场;9月5场;105;116场;12月4场

2018年托福阅读文章话题分析

 

 

根据上图,可以看出,整个18年度托福阅读中占比最大的仍然是动物类题材,占比31%,出现70次而在动物类题材中鸟类和恐龙相关话题两个高频出现的考点,备考过程中一定要注意积累相关词汇和背景知识。TPO和OG中大比例出现同类型的文章

出现比例第二的是历史考古类题材,占比23%,出现53次,相较之前有增加的趋势,此类题型主要关注某个国家、地区,某个事件的发展过程,以及某地区的文化。TPO中同类型文章出现频率也很高。

其次其他(环境/人类/社会),农业经贸,艺术和地质,分别占比12%,10%,9%和5%。其他(环境/人类/社会)题型相较之前有增加的趋势,而农业经贸地质题型相较之前有减少的趋势。在备考这类文章的时候,尤其要注意积累学科词汇,不要让学科词汇这个拦路石影响了对文章的理解。

植物类占比5%,出现12次,上一年比例稍有下降,但仍然是一个考察重点,不可掉以轻心天文类文章占比5%,出现11次,一些常见的高频天文表达词汇需要有所储备,才能在沉着应对这一类文章。

二. 2018年托福阅读题型分布保持稳定

托福阅读的考题题型依旧集中十大类基本题型:事实信息题、否定事实题、修辞目的题、推理题、词汇题、指代题、句子简化题、插入文本题、文章总结题以及信息归类题。具体比例分布为

题型

占比

Factual Information questions事实信息题

30%

Negative Factual Information questions排除题

5%

Inference questions推断题

5%

Rhetorical Purpose questions修辞目的题

5%

Vocabulary questions词汇题

25%

Reference questions指代题

3%

Sentence Simplification questions简化句子题

7%

Insert Text questions插入句子题

10%

Prose Summary 总结题

10%

在面对托福阅读各个题型的考题时,针对其出题特点,始终要强化托福阅读的核心解题方法,关键词定位+同一替换的解题方法。日常的学习练习中加强对这一方法的使用。此外还需要加强对文章深层结构的把握,以期达到深层解码文章信息的效果。

 2018年词汇题汇总

entailed = necessary

emergence = appearance

excessive = too much

appeal = attraction

unprecedented = never happen

inadvertently = unintentionally

presumably = reasonable assumption

vicinity = area

in junction with = stick to

essential = crucial

disrupted = interfered with

proportion = size

laboriously = making much effort

distinguish = separate

 

resemble=similar

vulnerable=threaten by

dense=closely placed

abrupt = sudden

core = center

presumed = assumed

guard = protect

suitable = appropriate

sustain = maintain

adjustable = adaptable

degree = level

meager = partly

incorporate = contain

Chaotic = disorganized

Coalesced = joined

Suddenly = abruptly

Refine = improved

Sparse = thin

unfavorable = negative

more permeable = had more places where crossings could occur

pursue = engage  in

 

comparable = similar

 

hastening = hurrying

 

strictly exist =in aquatic environments only(必须结合语境)

readily = quickly

 

prolong = extend

rudimentary = primitive

motives = reasons

anticipate = predict

foundation = basis

isolated = widely separated

distinct=clear

mutual=shared

allied = related

compilations = collections

dispersed = spread

remnants = remainders

remote = isolated

cited = mentioned

mundane = ordinary

decisive = determining

rival = competitor

lethal = deadly

disrupted = destroyed

appeal = attraction

vicinity = area

a case in point = a good example

barring = excluding

 

the course of change=the way the change developed

exclusively = only

regardless of =no matter

 

adaptable to= could be used with iron technology(结合语境型词汇题)

distinct=clear

suspected= thought it likely

Function=purpose

progressively =increasingly

Subsequent=later

vigorously= energetically

founding =establishment

Essential to=necessary for

mature = fully developed

Dwellings=homes

accomplished=achieved

undoubtedly=certainly

intermediate= in-between

Reinforce=strengthen

Most compelling= strongest

Viable=able to survive

Much deterioration= much worsening

Terminate=stop

End=location

Constrain=force

Thoroughly=carefully

Extract=select

 

Fine-tuning= Thoroughly control

consequently= as a result

 

Subsequent=following

dense=thick

remarkably= distinctly

inevitable=unavoidable

components=combinations

implication = consequently

perpetually = constantly

 

suitably = adequately

 

remnant = remain

 

confined to = limited to

 

allow for = make possible

 

flexibility = adaptability

 

system = group

Obstruction=barrier

Alter=modify

a cluster of = collection

Dramatically=surprisingly

Establishment=creation

Variable=ability to change

Hasten=to speed up

Revere=honor

Disguise=hidden

Abundant=large amount

supplement=additional

Components=part

confine=limit

Considerably=significantly

Relentless=unceasing

Confined to=limited to

Remarkable=impressive

Improbable=unlikely

Harbor=contain

Notion=idea

Definitive=final

 

Simultaneous= as the same time as

Execute=carry out

 

Privileged= advantaged

Congestion=overcrowding

Advantageous=favorable

Retained= kept

Readily=immediately

Exploit=pay attention to

Cycle=repetition

Diffuse=spread

Constant=endure

Proximity=in short distances

Respectively=particularly

Extended=gradually

Sufficient=enough

Thus=in this way

Impulse=push on

Deliberate=on purpose

Sought to increase=chose to increase

Decisive=determining

Characterized=distinguished

Lucrative=profitable

Reverted

sufficiently=adequately

divert=redirect

sustain =support

common=widespread

stringent=strict

inaugurating=starting

alter=change

persistently= for a long time

Impressive=remarkable

diverse=a variety of

Hasten=speed up

Integrate= combine

elaborate=complex

considerable= a large mount of

Disruptively=disorderly

intensively=strengthen

 

Retains=keeps inside

Founding=establishment

Sheltering=protecting

potentially=possibly

harsh=severe

validity=availability

wipe out=kill off

merit=advantage

perspective=viewpoint

pave the way for= make it available

faithfully=accurately

fragile=delicate

admiration for=high opinion of

perceived=seen

hierarchy =ranking orderly

adverse=negative

idle=unused

install = put in place

inevitably=unavoidably

depletion=reduction

Potentially=possibly

Deliberate=intentional

Precious=valued

Transparent=clear

Appreciate=realize

Concentrated=gathered

Durable=lasting

Autonomy=independence

Merely=only

Succeeding=following

Genuine=real

Reluctant=hesitant

advocate = promote

substantial =significant

scale=size

feasible= practical

cited =mentioned

in essence= basically

maneuverable=easily controlled

constrains to = restrictions on

mechanism = method

noticeable= remarkable

predominantly = mainly

feat = accomplishment

durable = long-lasting

remarkable = extraordinary

courteous = polite

posed = presented

absolute = total

associate = connect

progression = order

subjected to =exposed to

 

indistinguishable from = identical to

decisive = significant

recurring = repeated

Uninterrupted = continuous

relatively = fairly

painstaking = taking great effort in

imitator = people who copies him

precise = accurate

imparting = giving

exclusively = only

frigid = extremely cold

scattered= widely separated

speculates= puts forward as a possibility

construed = interrupted

 

tremendous= enormous

take for granted= desire

consequence could happen

disastrous = some bad

apparently= definitely

incidence= frequency

strive= make effort

significant= crucial

molten= liquid form by heating

copious = abundant

inspire= encourage

interpret= understand

supplemented = replaced

pioneered= introduced

nevertheless= however

literal= actual

withstand= resist

prominent= noticeable

exposed= uncovered

depleted= used up

constraint=limitation

ultimately= finally

hence= therefore

exhausted= tired up

exploit= take the advantage of

further= in addition

consumed= used up

stationary= fixed

excrete= release

optimal= favorable

embraced=adopted

substantial=large

overwhelming = without doubt

compensate=make up for

accessible=available

ingenious = comprehensive

prosperity=wealth

ignored=paid no attention

bizarre = strange

potential=possible

exclusive=sole

subsequently=one after anther

prevailing=dominant

 

inadvertently=unintentionally

Ceaselessly=rapidly

 

Classic=typical

Adjacent=nearby

was repulsed = was driven back

vulnerable to = unprotected from

continuous = nonstop

 

perished = died

constituent = component

gradual = slow

predominate = are in the majority

diffuse = spread

perceive= see

scatter = spread apart

presumably = probably

verifying= confirming

ascend =go up

converge on= meet at

vanishes=disappears

 

通过18年词汇真题回顾总结我们发现在词汇的考察上基本没有太多新词出现,所以考生在备考词汇题时,一定要强化对TPO以及历年词汇真题记忆学习,加强对词汇的深度理解。

四 备考建议:

1 根据考情分析中的高频文章话题,进行有针对性的训练。可使用TPO和OG中的重点文章进行分类练习。如:

生物类

THE ORIGINS OF CETACEANS(OG)

Opportunists and Competitors

Deer Populations of the Puget Sound(TPO4)

THE ARRIVAL OF PLANT LIFE IN HAWAII(TPO9)

Begging by Nestlings(TPO11)

Biological Clocks(TPO13)

历史学类

ARTISANS AND INDUSTRIALIZATION(OG)

NINETEENTH-CENTURY POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES(OG)

Powering the Industrial Revolution(TPO6)

Agriculture, Iron, and the Bantu Peoples(TPO7)

Colonizing the Americas via the Northwest Coast(TPO9)

Seventeenth-Century European Economic Growth(TPO10)

地质类

DESERT FORMATION(OG)

GEOLOGY AND LANDSCAPE(OG)

GROUNDWATER(TPO1)

TIMBERLINE VEGETATION ON MOUNTAINS(TPO1)

Depletion of the Ogallala Aquifer(TPO3)

The Geologic History of the Mediterranean(TPO7)

RUNNING WATER ON MARS(TPO8)

GREEN ICEBERGS(OG)

Water in the Desert(TPO12)

2 TPO真题训练时,重点练习事实信息题和词汇题这两个重点题型。熟练掌握做题方法和考点。

3 阅读机经较其他科目简略,没有具体的原文和题目。在备考中,不宜过度依赖阅读机经,而需要重点强化机经中所体现出来的重点话题和题型。

4 扎实基本功,积累词汇和加强长句的理解

托福阅读中,词汇题的比重接近三分之一,比重相当之大,重要性不言而喻。而托福阅读词汇题不考察词义辨析,只要核心词汇过关,词汇题可以快速解题,节约做题时间。因此,加强核心词汇的记忆尤其重要。

扎实基本功的第二步需要我们打好语法基础。长句的理解在托福考试中也给不少考生造成了很大的困扰,在平时阅读的过程中,当遇到长句时,我们需要慢下来,耐心分析句子理清结构。一定积累之后,长句理解会有大的提升。

 小结

总的来说,托福阅读18年的考察前几年比,难度和题材上变化不大。考生在备考中夯实基础,加强学科词汇积累和长难句分析,强化解题思路和方法,相信在托福阅读的考试中一定实现高能高分。 

标签:

暂无标签

免责声明:

本站提供的资源,都来自网络,版权争议与本站无关,所有内容及软件的文章仅限用于学习和研究目的。不得将上述内容用于商业或者非法用途,否则,一切后果请用户自负,我们不保证内容的长久可用性,通过使用本站内容随之而来的风险与本站无关,您必须在下载后的24个小时之内,从您的电脑/手机中彻底删除上述内容。如果您喜欢该程序,请支持正版软件,购买注册,得到更好的正版服务。侵删请致信E-mail: 114077@qq.com

同类推荐
评论列表
签到
热门文章
随机推荐
最新评论
热门站点 2018全年托福考情分析---阅读篇
作者:李萌 新航道武汉学校北美考试院托福写作、词汇讲师。 国际高级英语教师(持有美国TESOL Advanced教师资格证书)  2018年托福考试...
扫描二维码阅读原文
QQX7网 January, 01
生成社交图 ×