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summary范文怎么写

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英语考试当中写作是一个非常让人头疼的事情,因为写作与其他的题型不一样,需要考生自己发挥自己的想象力与写作能力,才能写出一篇好的文章,所以难度也是相当大的,平时大家考试遇到过这样的作文题吗,那就是summary,这种作文题型还是经常遇得到的,也难倒过不少学生,今天我们就summary这个类型的范文挑选一篇给大家具体的来讲解一下,这个类型的作文应该如何去写。

首先我们要写好一篇英语文章,思路一定要清晰,如果你的思路不清晰,写出的文章肯定也是不清晰的,那么如何来给自己的文章制定一个好的摘要是必不可少的,下面谈谈怎么写好英文摘要。

1)细读原文。首先要仔细阅读全篇作品,然后对作品进行整体分析,掌握原文总的意思和结构,明确全文的主题(the maintheme)和各段的段落大意(the main idea)。

2)弄清要求。搞清楚是写全文概要,还是写某一部分的概要,或者就某些问题写出要点。

3)列出原文要点。分析原文的内容和结构,将内容分项扼要表述并注意在结构上的顺序。在此基础上选出与文章主题密切相关的部分。

4)草拟写作提纲并写出初稿。将挑选出的要点作为框架草拟详细的提纲,以所列的提纲为依据写出摘要的初稿。

在写作时要特别注意下面几点:

(1)摘要应包括原文中的主要事实(main facts);略去不必要的细节(unnecessary details)。

(2)安排好篇幅的比例。摘要应同原文保持协调,即用较多的文字写重要内容,用较少的文字写次要内容。

(3)注意段落的连贯和句子的衔接。要用适当的转折词语贯通全文,切忌只简单地写出一些互不相干的句子。

(4)尽可能用自己的话来写,但不排斥用原文的某些词句。

(5)计算词数,看是否符合规定的词数要求

以下为summary范文示例,大家可以参考一下:

Why do some animals die out?
 

In the past two hundred years people have caused many kinds of animals to die out--to become extinct. People keep building houses and factories in fields and woods. As they spread over the land, they destroy animals' homes. If the animals can't find a place to live, they die out. Sixteen kinds of Hawaiian birds have become extinct for this reason. Other animals, such as the Florida Key deer, may soon die out because they are losing their homes. Hunters have caused some animals to become extinct, too. In the last century, hunters killed all the passenger pigeons in North America and most of the buffalos.

Today they are fast killing off hawks and wolves. Pollution is killing many animals today, too. As rivers become polluted, fish are poisoned. Many die. Birds that eat the poisoned fish can't lay strong, healthy eggs. New birds aren’t born. So far, no animals have become extinct because of pollution. But some, such as the bald eagle and the brown pelican, have become rare and may die out.

Scientists think that some animals become extinct because of changes in climate. The places where they live become hotter or cooler, drier or wetter. The food that they eat cannot grow there any more. If the animals can't learn to eat something else, they die. Dinosaurs may have died out for this reason.

Summary:

In the past two hundred years, many kinds of animals have died out. There are several reasons for it. First, people keep building houses and factories in fields and woods, which destroys animals' homes. Then, hunters' killing has also caused some animals to become extinct. Besides, some animals aren't able to bear strong offspring and nor do they have enough food to eat because of pollution and climatic changes.

小编这篇文章已经分析的相当仔细了,相信很多同学已经知道summary这个类型的作文应该如何去写了,在这里着重提醒大家,写作文前一定要把自己文章的摘要和轮廓想清楚,再动笔写文章,这样才能做到事半功倍的效果。​

 

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英语考试当中写作是一个非常让人头疼的事情,因为写作与其他的题型不一样,需要考生自己发挥自己的想象力与写作能力,才能写出一篇好的文章,所以难度也是相当大的,平...
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